Save the date!

LIMMUD NZ August 27 – 29 2011: Speakers

David Alima

Rabbi David Alima is the Rabbi of the Wellington Hebrew Congregation.

  • Sunday 2.30pm       Parallel Lives  

Samuel Altschul 

Rabbi Samuel Altschul received Smicha (Rabbinical ordination) from Harav Daniel Channen, Yeshivat Pirchei Shoshanim, Bnei Brak, Israel. He  holds an MA in philosophy and a BA in Comparative Religious Studies from Universities in Denmark along with a post graduate degree from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Rabbi Altschul has just arrived in Auckland to take up the position of Rabbi of the Auckland Hebrew Congregation. He is married to Shosha and they have two boys. 

  • Saturday 12.30pm Lunch & Learn Chevruta
  • Saturday 2.40 – 3.40pm The Jews of Denmark

Meital Asher Na’or

Meital Asher Naor is a Holocaust educator and holds a BA in Education and Music and a Masters in Jewish Studies, Meital worked for Yad v’shem and the Israeli Education Ministry. Meital is married to Moshe and is the proud mother of four children.

  • Sunday 1.15 Music workshop (Children 5-8)
  • Monday 8.30 – 9.30 Reflections of Israel through Poetry


Geoffrey Beinart-Smollan

Geoffrey Beinart-Smollan is the current Rosh Snif (Chairperson) of Bnei Akiva Auckland. In 2010 he attended World Bnei Akiva’s Limmud year programme in Israel, including an extended period of learning at Yeshivat Torah BeTzion in Jerusalem. Geoffrey is currently pursuing a conjoint degree in Law, History and Political Studies at the University of Auckland.


  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15 Wrestling with Israel: Controversy and Conversation Perspectives on Israel


Leonard Bell

Associate Professor Leonard Bell has taught Art History at The University of Auckland since 1973. His areas of special interest include cross-cultural interactions and visual representations in New Zealand and the Pacific,  and the works and careers of exiled, refugee and migrant artists, photographers, architects and writers. He is the author of Colonial Constructs: European Images of Maori, 1840-1914 (1992), In Transit: Questions of Home and Belonging in New Zealand Art (2007) and  Marti Friedlander  (2009). He curated the exhibition, ‘From Prague to Auckland: the photographs of Frank Hofmann (1916-1989)’, at the Gus Fisher Gallery, The University of Auckland (26 August to 29 October 2011). There will be accompanying publication with the same title.  The anthology of writings about the impact of Jewish people on New Zealand society and culture from pre-colonial times to the present, entitled Inside/Outside: Jewish Lives in New Zealand, which he edited with Diana Morrow, is scheduled for publication in early 2012.


  • Monday 11.00am – 12.00pm Inside/Outside: Jewish Lives in New Zealand 

Sue Berman

Sue migrated to NZ as a child from South Africa in 1979. In 1982 she was a b’nei mitzvah of Beth Shalom where she continues to be an active adult member. Sue has a passion for stories of people and place – of cultural identity and the way we share and make meaning in our lives. Her current work includes oral history, local community development, heritage and local history with libraries and social justice education and research projects.


  • Monday 9.45 am– 12pm Creating Oral History: workshop session



Jonathan Besser

New York born composer Jonathan Besser has composed for all the country’s major orchestra and chamber groups . For the last 30 years he has been the director of his own music ensembles – mixing classical musicians with improving musicians.  He has numerous CDs released – a new one ‘Campursari’ is being released in early September.


  • Saturday 7.15 – 8.15pm LIMMUD lounge Jewish music on piano


Leonard Bloksberg

Lenny Bloksberg is a scholar and performance artist who has presented lectures and workshops in many countries including Australia, USA, Brazil, UK, Japan, and Israel on science, ethics, and philosophy. Lenny has a passion for social justice inspired by 4 generations of family history and a childhood spent at socialist summer camps and hitch-hiking around the US in the 1960’s and 1970’s to attend socialist conferences. This experience has been focused by completing a Ph.D. in molecular biology from the University of California and he is currently completing an MBA at AUT. He is also a member of Beth Shalom in Auckland and is actively involved in volunteering in a number of organisations in the community. Lenny is well known for bringing a different perspective that takes people out of their comfort zone on things they thought were ordinary and making people feel comfortable with things they thought were challenging.

  • Sunday 3.45 – 4.45pm Secular/Ethical Judaism through Poetry 

Myer Bloom

Myer Bloom teaches journalism at Monash College (Monash University), and has tutored in Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Melbourne University’s History Department. He holds a Master of Holocaust and Genocide Studies degree from Monash’s Australian Centre for Jewish Civilisation and he worked as an interviewer for Steven Spielberg’s Survivors of the Shoah Project in Australia and New Zealand. His publications include a book of interviews, Does God Live in the Suburbs? (Indra Publishing, Melbourne, 2007) and he has presented papers on Holocaust related themes at the last two Aftermath Conferences at Monash University. He has also visited significant Jewish historical sites in Eastern Europe and Greece and is currently working on a photographic Holocaust memory project.

  • Sunday 11.30am – 12.30pm Holocaust Remembrance through Memorials 

Sam Bookman

Sam Bookman has been a member of the LIMMUD steering committee in the past, as well as a BA madrich. He is an accomplished debater at national level. Sam is currently studying at Auckland University.

  • Saturday 1.30       – 2.30pm The Ones who (tried to) Get Away

Bernie Brenner

Bernie Brenner is a specialist gynaecologist in practice on the North Shore (but luckily he is not talking about that). He is completing a Masters in Astronomy and lecture at the Astrodome in Auckland on Introductory Astronomy.


  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15pm It’s in the Stars – the Jewish Contribution to Astronomy


Colin Bulka

Colin is currently the Director of the Jewish Agency’s Machon l’Madrichim programme in Jerusalem. He is an informal educator who grew up in London, made Aliyah in 1992 and since then has worked primarily with Zionist youth movement long term programmes. He is a graduate of the Jerusalem Fellows and prior to Machon was on shlichut as head of the British shlichim delegation. Despite being in Israel he remains committed to watching English Premiership football every week!


  • Saturday 4.30 – 5.30pm Sports as an Expression of Israeli national identity
  • Sunday 10.15am – 12.15pm Playing God – Prioritising Israel’s needs (two hour workshop session)
  • Monday 8.00 – 9.30am Teaching Ideology (Madrichim session only)


Hadas Carmy

Hadas Carmy moved to New Zealand from Israel in 2010. She is an IT Business Consultant with an interest in facilitation and personal empowerment and development.


  • Saturday 8.30 – 9.30pm Personality Types from the Bible – A Journey of Self-Discovery


Adi Cohen

Rabbi Adi Cohen is the Rabbi of Temple Sinai, the Wellington Progressive Jewish Congregation. He was previously the Rabbi of Brit Olam, a Progressive Jewish congregation in Kiryat On, Israel.   He has also taught law and Jewish ethics at Metro West High School in Ra’anana, and worked as a story-teller in special education kindergartens in Kfar Saba.

  • Saturday 2.35 – 3.35pm Tell Me Text
  • Saturday 5.35 – 6.35pmThe Prayer After the Prayer – Personal Prayers & the Talmud
  • Sunday 9.00 – 10.00am Storytelling (Children 5-8)
  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.30pm Parallel Lives



Osnat Dvorkin

Osnat Dvorkin is the Zionist Federation of New Zealand community, Habo and Aliya Shlicha. She has a BA from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Jewish Philosophy and Art History. Osnat has worked as a Communities director for the Young Shlichim unit of the Jewish Agency. As such she had worked with and visited Jewish communities in all corners of the Jewish world. She was the coordinator of the Nitzanim course, a scholarship course for return shlichim developing as professionals in Jewish and Israeli education.

  • Sunday 9.00 -10.00 am The First Family Through Art (Children’s Session)
  • Sunday 3.45 – 4.45pm Does Jewish Art exist?
  • Monday 9.45 – 10.45am How they do it Over There


Udi Dvorkin

Udi Dvorkin is the Zionist Federation formal education shaliach. He is currently a Hebrew & Jewish Studies teacher at Kadimah School and runs the Beth Shalom Beit Midrash. Prior to coming to New Zealand he spent time as a Youth Shaliach in Amsterdam with the Jewish Agency. Udi has a BA in Judaic Studies and European History and a Masters in Contemporary Judaism. He also loves hiking and the outdoors!

  • Saturday 2.40 – 3.40 pm What’s Happening to Judaism in Israel Today?
  • Sunday 9.00 – 10.00 am Storytelling (Children 5-8)
  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15 pm What is Jewish Family (Children’s Session)
  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.20 pm Deborah – How do Jews Judge? (Children’s Session)
  • Sunday 3.45 – 4.45 pm Leo Baeck’s Sermon at Terezin



Michelanne Forster

Michelanne is the University of Auckland and Michael King writing fellow for 2011. She has written short stories, children’s television scripts, books and plays, and spent many years working for children’s television as a script editor and director. She specializes in historical drama and her best known of play, Daughters of Heaven, has become a part of the New Zealand theatrical canon. In 2010 she premiered three new works: Tic Tic, (with Paul Barrett) Don’t Mention Casablanca, and The Secret of Dongting Lake. Her latest play, The Butcher and the Bear, written for Time Out theatre at The Edge, opens this October. Michelanne teaches for Continuing Education at Auckland University and is on the board of the New Zealand Writer’s Guild.

  • Monday 9.45 – 10.45am My Grandfather and the making of Casablanca

Asher Goldman

Asher Goldman grew up in the Wellington Jewish community, attending Moriah College and Habonim Dror. He is an atheist and an anti-Zionist, which has meant that over the last few years he has mostly been disconnected from the mainstream Jewish community. Instead, he has organised alternative Jewish events with a group of other similarly-minded Wellington Jews, who also feel unwelcome in the mainstream Jewish community. Alongside this, Asher works part-time and is studying towards a secondary school teaching qualification. Asher identifies politically as an anarchist-communist and is involved in a range of political activity, with a focus on workplace and community organising.


  • Sunday 11.30am – 12.30pm From Habonim to Non-Zionist: My Journey
  • Sunday 1.15pm – 2.15 pm Dealing with Difference: A Facilitated Discussion



Mendel Goldstein

Rabbi Menachem Mendel Goldstein is Director of Chabad of New Zealand. Previously Rabbi and Shaliach of the Canterbury Hebrew Congregation, he is now Director at the Raye Freedman Library in Auckland. He is a graduate of the Rabbinical College of America and qualified as a Rabbi in Melbourne Australia. Before arriving in New Zealand, Rabbi Goldstein served as assistant Rabbi to the only Synagogue in Hawaii and has lectured extensively on the subject of Jewish education. He is married with three children.

  • Saturday 12.30 – 1.30pm Lunch & Learn
  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15pm How to talk to our Children about Judaism


Roberto González-Casanovas

Roberto González-Casanovas is Associate Professor of Spanish and Latin American Studies at Auckland University. He has particular interests in Hispanic cultural studies including Convivencia and the diaspora of Sephardi Jewry. He also co-teaches a course on European Jewish identity and culture, focusing on Sephardi themes, at Auckland University. 

  • Sunday 10.15 – 11.15am The Sephardi Diaspora

Phillip Green

Professor Phillip Green practices as a barrister, arbitrator and mediator in Wellington and has over 30 years experience in alternative dispute resolution practice. He is the Founding President of the Arbitrators’ and Mediators’ Institute of NZ Inc (AMINZ). He is a member of the AMINZ arbitration and mediation panels, is on the AMINZ adjudication list and has lectured in arbitration and mediation at both Victoria University and Massey University. In March 2010 he was appointed Adjunct Professor in the Department of Management (Dispute Resolution) at Massey University. Phillip mediates and co-mediates with a national practice. He is married with 4 children and 6 grandchildren. For further information refer to

  • Sunday 1.15pm – 2.15 pm Dealing with Difference: A Facilitated Discussion
  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.30pm Jewish Mediators I have Known

Joel Grishaver

Joel Lurie Grishaver is a Jewish writer, teacher and storyteller. In 1981 he and two friends started Torah Aura Productions, a leader in the publishing of educational Judaica. Joel is the author of more than 80 books and a winner of the Covenant Award. Joel has appeared at Limmuds around the world.

  • Saturday 1.30 – 2.30pm Stories We Pray
  • Saturday 4.30 – 5.30pmThe Day the Talmud was Created
  • Saturday 8.30 – 9.30pm Tales of Horror & Suspense
  • Sunday 9.00 – 10.00am Music & Leadership: A Kabbalistic Future
  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.30pm God Talk
  • Sunday 5.30 – 6.30 You be the Judge
  • Monday 11.00am – 12.00pm Four Steps to Menschlekeit



Gabriel Heimler

Gabriel Heimler is an artist of international renown. In 1990 he created Mesulash, the first political and artistic group after the Shoah in order to create the opportunity for a renaissance of Jewish identity in Germany. He founded ‘Golem‘, the Jewish European Art Magazine. He paints in concrete narrative style full of conceptual issues based on literary, biblical, historical and art history topics. His mural ‘The Wall Jumper‘ on the Berlin Wall is recognised as historical monument. His mural ‘The Mover‘ on the Museum Art Hotel in Wellington was voted the second best outdoor art work the Civic Trust Public Art Awards. He has been living and working with his partner Anna Proc in New Zealand since 2010.


  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15 Meshulash: Contemporary Jewish Art in Germany

Note: Gabriel’s paintings will be available for viewing in the Artspace on level 3 during LIMMUD NZ.


Anat Hoffman

Anat Hoffman is the executive Director of the Israeli Religious Action Centre. Prior to that she served as a Jerusalem City Councillor. She has dedicated her adult life to the Jewish principle of tikkun olam (repairing the world). It is this commitment to social action and justice that has formed her career. Anat was a founding member of Women of the Wall and she served on the Boards of the Israel Women’s Network he Association for Civil rights in Israel and many other Israeli organisations for social change.

  • Sunday 9.00       – 10.00 am Anat Hoffman’s Israeli Breakfast
  • Sunday 11.30am       – 12.30pm What we miss when we focus on the Arab-Israeli conflict
  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.30pm Women of the Wall
  • Monday 8.30 – 9.30am The Miracle of the Israeli Spring


Yair Katz

Originally from Israel, Yair has been living in NZ since 2004. He is a professional drummer/percussionist and has recorded and toured with numerous bands in NZ and abroad, in a wide range of styles. Yair is also a keen collector of music and enjoys to DJ in radio and private functions. Yair is currently in his final year of the Master of Music Therapy programme of the New Zealand School of Music.

  • Saturday 8.30 – 9.30pm Drumming Circle 

Linda Kaye

Linda Kaye is the founder of Peaceworks, a mediation consultancy. She has extensive training and experience as a mediator and negotiator.  Moving from a successful legal career in Auckland to follow a path of peace and mindfulness in the North Hokianga, Linda brings to the practice of mediation and strategic negotiation her skills in focused listening and facilitation. Linda is also qualified as a meditation teacher and spiritual director and is interested in spiritual development through Jewish and other teachings.

  • Saturday 5.35 – 6.35 pm A Jewish Meditation Experience
  • Sunday 11.30 am– 12.30 pm Psalms as a Path to Personal Prayer

Debbie Knowles

Debbie Knowles is an editor and writer. A former secondary school teacher and learning support coordinator, she now tutors students with learning and behaviour difficulties. Her father, Joseph Grossman, was a Holocaust survivor and she is one of the co-ordinators of the Auckland Second Generation group, and a member of the Jewish Oral History Group.

  • Sunday 2.30       – 3.30pm Jewish Immigrants: Whom did they marry?

Bianca Kraitzick

Bianca is currently completing a Bachelor of Education specialising in Early Childhood Education at the University of Auckland. She has been actively involved in the Auckland Jewish community through Habonim Dror Aotearoa New Zealand. Currently, she is working in the Zionist Federation and teaching at Beth Shalom.

  • Sunday 10.30 – 11.25am Isaac workshop (children’s session)

Laura Kranz

Laura Kranz is the current Mazkira of Habonim Dror in New Zealand. In 2007 she attended March of the Living (MOTL) which included spending one week in Poland learning about the Holocaust and one week in Israel. In 2009 she went on Shnat with Habonim and spent 10 months in Israel, and also experienced a trip to Poland for the second time. Laura is now studying Psychology and Sociology at University. 

  • Sunday 10.15 – 11.15am Perspectives on Holocaust Remembrance


Joan Lardner-Rivlin

Joan Lardner-Rivlin has been presenting Radio Shalom since 1989. She is deeply engaged in community work and received a QSM for services to the community in 2007. Her community work includes establishing the Physically Handicapped and Able Bodied organisation to get young people with and without disabilities to participate in recreational and social programmes together, as well as being a founding member of many community development and social service programmes. Joan’s community work has been very much influenced by her Jewish upbringing.

  • Monday 12.15 – 1.15pm An Interesting Life


Edna Levy

Edna Levy is a dancer, choreographer and body worker in the fields of Yoga, Pilates and Qi-gong. While dancing in Israel with the Rina Schenfeld dance company, she often used elements from nature, as well as portraying biblical female characters incorporated into her dance theatre productions.


  • Sunday 9.00 – 10.00 am Mindy/Body Awareness through Pilates & Dance


Boris Lubetzky

Born was born and raised in Vilnius Lithuania. He lived in Israel for 10 years where he received a BA from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem in English & American Literature & Far Eastern Studies  and completed compulsory army service in the IDF. Boris has lived in New Zealand for the last 30 years and works as an Analyst  in the Information Services/Software support field.  He is a past president of B’nai B’rith Auckland and is currently in charge of BB’s Israeli Portfolio. His interest is in Middle East contemporary history and current events in the region.

  • Sunday 10.15 – 11.15 am The Strategic Equation

Maureen Kendler

Maureen Kendler is a leading Jewish educator in London, and appears regularly at Limmud conferences (including Limmud UK 2010, receiving rave reviews from our own Head of Steering Committee Adina Halpern who persuaded her to come to New Zealand).  Maureen is Adam Taub’s mentor (NZ Jewish Learning Conference Key Note speaker 2009) and is Head of Educational Programming at the London School of Jewish Studies which is headed by Rabbi Jonathan Sacks.


  • Saturday 12.30 – 1.30 pm Lunch & Learn
  • Saturday 2.40 – 3.40 pm Tell Me Text
  • Saturday 7.15 – 8.15pm Enduring Love: Rehabilitating Leah
  • Sunday 9.00       – 10.00 am Isaac Bashevis Singer – The Slave
  • Sunday 11.30 -12.30pm       Brothers & Sisters in Judasim (children’s session)
  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15pm Refined, Heimichse & Hygienic: Early Jewish Cookery Books
  • Sunday 3.45 -4.45 pm       Chevruta Session:Dorot (Generations): what do Parents owe their Children?



Andrew Markus

Professor Andrew Markus is the Pratt Foundation Research Professor at the Australian Centre for Jewish Civilisation at Monash University. He is a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia and has published extensively on immigration and race relations. He is the lead researcher on the Australian Jewish population study and the Scanlon Foundation social cohesion research program. Professor Markus is speaking on issues of Jewish continuity at the Jewish Studies Conference in Auckland following LIMMUD NZ.

  • Sunday 9.00 – 10.00 am       Is Israel an Apartheid State?
  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15 pm (Mis)Understanding Holocaust Denial


Uri Meizeles

Uri came to this country from Israel in 2007 on his way to live in Australia.  He fell in love with New Zealand and stayed.  In Israel he studied Kabbalah for 2 years (2004-2005) and numerology for 1 year (1996) with  Shuky Gabay .?In Israel Uri used to give lectures at private events and conferences on Kabbalah and Numerology and advised clients privately. 

  • Sunday 10.15 – 11.15am Kabbalah & Numerology (Hebrew session)


Chris Milton

Chris Milton PhD is a Jungian Psychoanalyst and Clinical Psychologist in private practice in Auckland. Currently working mostly with adults he also has many years of clinical experience with children and adolescents. Chris is a New Zealand regional coordinator for training of Jungian analysts and serves on the Psychotherapists Board of Aotearoa New Zealand. He has a strong interest in transpersonal psychology and spirituality. Chris is an active member of Beth Shalom.

  • Saturday 7.15 – 8.15pm A Serious Man – A discussion of the Coen Brothers’ Film


Einat Ofek

Einat Ofek holds a PhD in Clinical Neurophysiology (Medical Sciences) from the Technion in Israel. She is currently a research fellow at the University of Auckland, focusing on brain waves analysis related to language and emotions, and the development of related therapy. She is interested in the bridge between the soul and the brain.

  • Monday 11.00am – 12.00pm The Bridge Between Torah Study and the Brain


Fever Pitch

Fever Pitch of Fever Pitch Productions is an acrobat, circus

performer, fire performer and part-time personal trainer. Trained in

Circus Arts specializing in Aerial straps, silks and acrobatics, Fever

now runs Fever Pitch Productions, an entertainment company in Auckland

that provides high calibre circus entertainment to all manner of

corporate events. Fever has previously performed in front of Cirque Du

Soleil, Les Mills World of Fitness, 42 Below and at the Closing

Ceremony of the Commonwealth Games in Delhi. For more information

please see 

  • Saturday 6.35pm after Havdallah


Anna Proc

Anna Proc graduated in Romance Languages and in European Culture Studies. She worked as a public relations assistant in European International Film and Theater Festivals, a translator in the European Commission Translation Service and coordinator of the Art Express traveling exhibition. She has been living and collaborating with Gabriel Heimler on his art projects and paintings in New Zealand since 2010.


  • Sunday 1.15 – 2.15 pm Meshulash: Contemporary Jewish Art in Germany


Roger Reynolds

Roger Reynolds is the immediate Past President of Beth Shalom, the Auckland Jewish Progressive Congregation. His other passions include his work as a physician and clinical teacher, walking and tramping, New Zealand, music and books. He promises himself more time for the last of these – one day.

  • Sunday 5.30 – 6.30pm Book Club – The Finkler Question

Deb Schwarz

Deb is a passionate Jewish Kiwi.  For the past 25 year she has been a “Levy” and proudly became a “Schwarz” when she married her husband, Amnon, earlier this year.  She attended Kadimah College, B’nei Akiva and Habonim, was NZ president for AUJS and has been involved in various education programmes in the Jewish Community. Deb’s current roles in the secular community include: Agency Manager for EDEN, MacroAuckland Project Manager/Analyst for Auckland Communities Foundation, and Consultant for World Vision.

  • Monday 12.15 – 1.15pm An Interesting Life


Steven Sedley

Steven Sedley is a long-standing member of the Wellington Jewish community and has had many roles within that community. In his professional life he is a bookseller, trained as a teacher and has a History degree. His two great interests are writing and music. He is the author of a biography of the composer Richard Fuchs. Steven was a child in Budapest during the Holocaust and he has been involved in Holocaust education and commemoration through the Wellington Holocaust Research and Education Centre.

  • Sunday 10.15 – 11.15am Perspectives on the Holocaust


Michelle Szecket

Michelle Szecket is a parent at Kadimah. She and her family moved here from Canada last year, and are enjoying life in New Zealand. Michelle used to teach Rikkud at Canadian summer camps and youth groups, and looks forward to adding Limmud to her repertoire!


  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.30pm Rikkud (Israeli dancing) (children’s session)


Shelly Tenembaum

I was born in Romania in a small town where the language of communication between the Jews and at home was Yiddish, and traditionally the food was named in Yiddish.  I grew up in a house where I absorbed the Jewish tradition and traditional cuisine. I learned from my mother and am still learning the typical food of the Eastern European cuisine that I grew up on it, with great pleasure. Cooking, baking and decorating cakes (that I learned by myself) is not my profession, but it is just a lovely hobby. To have a taste of my creation you can have a look on the following link: By training I’m a Chemical engineer and a teacher, by profession I’m a banker, IT instructor and auditor. I’m married to Shlomo and a mother of two great children Snir and Arbel.

  • Sunday 2.30 – 3.30 pm Cooking Eastern European Delicacies

Helen Thomson

Helen Thomson was born in Shanghai where her parents had met and married, having escaped (separately) from Germany just before the outbreak of WWII. Their own families remained in Europe and perished in the Holocaust. Helen’s family emigrated to New Zealand in 1949, when Helen was two. Helen has a German and history degree and taught primary school for many years. She is a member of the Wellington Jewish Community and is married with two children and three fabulous grandchildren.

  • Sunday 10.15 – 11.15 Perspectives on the Holocaust